How Time Passes


Date(s) Recorded

October 4, 1960 – October 5, 1960


1. …How Time Passes… (Ellis) – 6:23
2. Sallie (Ellis) – 4:33
3. A Simplex One (Ellis) – 4:10
4. Waste (Byard) – 8:03
5. Improvisational Suite # 1 (Ellis) – 22:07


Jaki Byard – Piano, Also Sax
Ron Carter – Bass
Don Ellis – Trumpet
Charlie Persip – Drums

Liner Notes

Gunther Schuller


Candid (1960)
Candid CCD-79004 (1987) – CD Reissue

In 1960, Ellis

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displayed his growing creativity and innovative experimentation on his first solo album, How

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Time Passes. Featured on the recording was Ellis’s roommate and friend from Boston, Jaki Byard, a noteworthy modern jazz musician who was closely-associated with Ellis from 1959-62.

How Time Passes feature devices that marked Ellis as an emerging jazz modernist. He experimented with the use of a tone row as the basis of jazz composition in “Improvisational Suite #1.” According to Gunther Schuller’s liner notes on this piece:

“The SUITE uses twelve-tone rows only as a point of departure. It does not develop the row material along orthodox methods. Formally, the SUITE consists of a series of loosely strung together sections, alternating between free cadenzas and strict time improvisations. Don’s own statement of intent: ‘to create an extended piece which would be almost totally improvised, which would sound new and fresh each time, and which would present

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a variety of moods and

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levels of density and intensity, but which would be highly unified structurally.”

The first Ellis recordings reflect an early and somewhat primitive fascination with tempo and rhythm, such as expanding and reducing the musical timeline. This effect was achieved through accelerandos and ritardandos in the title track of How Time Passes.


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